“Hundreds of years ago one night, changes the night before, gunshots shattered the serene night, while all around were swords of appeasement”–songs of the descendants of the Dragon
This Zhonghua road, Huangpu district, Shanghai, No. 581, there is some unknown in modern buildings. It consists of two conjoined and a single Republic building, although worn, but can still see the original style.
In the courtyard stands a high tower of reinforced concrete structure built in 1909, 35.2 meters high towers, with spiral staircase to the top in the Middle, climb up, overlooking the city to the entire old town. According to local fans, Jiang Qing said here the former Qing dynasty “Shanghai Federation of fire” site, this fire Tower for observation and warning of “little South door alarm building.” Original giant Bell Tower one, has now disappeared. This hidden within the old town tower, is not only the first modern fire fighting facilities, is also Shanghai’s tallest building, Shanghai and China in history, has an extremely important place in history.
On November 3, 1911, the Tower rang the bells of revolution, Shanghai more than more than 3,000 Alliance a martyr as a number to launch Shanghai uprising of Xinhai revolution, sounded the death knell for the Qing government.
Small South door alarm building comparison
Shanghai uprising of Xinhai revolution “control tower”
On October 24, 1911, the concession “paper Street”-ping Wang Jie (now ping Wang Jie, Fuzhou Road, Huangpu district), packed. After Wuchang uprising of gunfire spread to Shanghai, people excited, uproar in the streets, have been holding daily ping Wang newspaper reading a newspaper on the street, at the time, fishing for information.
To this end, the Shanghai taotai Liu Yanyi, magistrate Tian Baorong, led by the Qing government in Shanghai, Shanghai authorities quickly issued notices saying “mutiny in Hubei Province, while Binh Dinh and other provinces BU, is quiet as usual, do not listen to rumors” and so on. However, ping Wang Street “the masses know the truth” is still gathering, newspapers are in short supply, especially in the publication of Wuchang news more quickly, by the revolutionary organization Alliance secret control of the State’s most popular.
The State newspaper Museum crowded downstairs, and upstairs Windows are closed. Daily afternoon, there will be several looked in a hurry to this meeting. According to the Member of the Alliance, Shanghai Shen Huantang son of Bank Manager Shen Manyun memories, on October 24, he came with his father to the State newspaper in the Hall of the Chamber of secrets, “sitting three or four people”, they are Alliance members such as Chen Qi-Mei, Huang Xing, Song Jiaoren and Ye Chucang, fan hongxian, this deliberation, “Shanghai” is in response to the Wuchang uprising. Uprising planned by Chen Qi-Mei single-handedly.
Chen Qi-Mei (1878-1916), British scholar, Zhejiang huzhou people, Patriots of the revolution, the United Democrats of elder statesman. He was born in merchant’s home, early do pawn shop apprentice, stacks of accounting. In 1906 went to Japan to study, into the Tokyo police school. During the day, Chen joined the revolutionary Alliance became acquainted with Dr Sun Yat-Sen and others. In early 1908, Chen Qimei instructions of Dr Sun returned, contact South-East provinces party preparations for the uprising.
Meanwhile, Chen in Shanghai liaison, advocacy of revolution, all sectors of the Organization to join the revolution. By making gang and the business of gentry, celebrities, human, financial and material support for the anti-Qing revolution reserve. In April 1911, Chen Qimei the Guangzhou Uprising, after the failed uprising, he liaises with the business community in Shanghai and the revolutionary organizations, preparations for the uprising.
After the Wuchang uprising started, Chen Qimei, Song Jiaoren and other Alliance its revolutionary decision rushed Li Xiehe and links with the Guangfu branch in Shanghai, and lobbied the Shanghai Association of Warburg businessman Li ping, Shen Naaman clouds to provide financial and material resources while at Tsing Hong Bang secret societies such as the formation of death squads, ready to act. Four power with each other. Started in Shanghai last spring, Jervois and then responding immediately capture Nanjing.
But the Qing forces and revolutionary forces in the battle of Wuhan, Yuan Shikai’s Beiyang Army South, the Qing government 5 ships of the Navy have also been filled with arms from the Shanghai Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau, March rescue of the Qing army in Wuchang, uprising was put out at any time. To relieve pressure on the front line in Wuhan, Alliance headquarters informed Chen Qi-Mei Shanghai uprising must be made, to check Qing forces, coordinate national revolt.
So, Chen, will uprising set for November 3, 1911 (lunar Xin Hai years September 3), command that set Yu Shanghai City old town van of “Shanghai fire Federation” within, the road horses to the at police Tower knock Bell for,, attack clear government Shanghai authorities of zhabei “patrol General”, and town “Suk son too Shanghai soldiers prepared Road Department”, and City South “South manufacturing Council” three at stronghold. The Min Li upstairs secretly planning, will evolve into a real thing of the revolution.
Sounded the death knell for burial of the Qing dynasty
November 3, 1911, at 2 o’clock in the afternoon, uprising headquarters plan a pestilent climb “Shanghai Federation of fire” alarm/f, tried my best to ring the Bell, the clock to a 9, following a 13, meaning “913 rebellion”, sonorous bells of Shanghai nanshi and old town. Bell call, lurking around Warburg armed, kamikaze Alliance, students in Shanghai, Guang Fu Hui death squads and thousands of others from all over flock to city “South playground” (also called “the nine acres of land”).
Chen Qimei, Li ping, Shen Manyun, uprising leader mounted high-profile speech, declared the uprising, Chen said: “my revolutionary army in Wuchang, the world response, total. Shanghai huayang and domestic, strategically important terrain, therefore I am Shanghai revolutionary forces of the military junta, due to uprisings in Shanghai today, where Wu in Shanghai that year, when valiant disregard Taiwan Shanghai, save people on fire in Shanghai. “With that, Chen publicly tearing the Qing government, Longcheer, modified suspension revolt banner.
Revolt staff person left wearing a wide 3 inch long, 6-inch band, collectively called the Revolutionary Army, and distribute bombs, firearms, ammunition and other weapons. League member Ye Huijun Shanghai led by Warburg, and boxers led by Zhang Cheng槱 Liu Fubiao, tailor Tian Xin Hong help seekers, Peking Pan Yueqiao Green Alliance death squads composed of more than 300 people. They shouted: “Taiwan to Shanghai! “” Taiwan to Shanghai! “” Retrocession of Shanghai “, time, shasheng, across the river.
Announced after the uprising, all armed attacks, respectively, the United Democrats of gorillas led by Chen Qimei attacking Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau, Shanghai Chamber of Commerce armed attack government soldiers road.
From 8 o’clock in the afternoon, the rebels scored Shanghai Government soldiers road, found Shanghai Tao Liu Yanyi has disappeared, praetorium in the deserted soldiers road. Then the military captured Department mansion, Shanghai County magistrate Wang Yao ting hung printing through. Zhabei, Wusong Qing garrison also in formulate with the revolutionaries, see lost, have raised the white flag in response to the uprising. Shanghai Hua Territories East of the old town, occupied by the rebels. The public cheered, offspring, Yue Rong.
The rebels think when immediate recovery in Shanghai, Chen Qi-Mei, Zhang Cheng槱, Liu Fubiao, Tian Xin Shan, more than 300 people Alliance death squads, but met garrison in Jiangnan manufacturing House Qing army’s fierce resistance. By Li Hongzhang’s nephew, the Qing government Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau General Office guarded by Zhang Shiheng. On November 3, Zhang Shiheng heard the uprising inside the city, immediately deploy artillery into the Bureau stationed, and in the manufacture of door decorated with artillery, machine guns, the infantry guard defence.
However, unaware of the rebellion, offensive to Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau in November at 5 o’clock in the afternoon, immediately responded by Qing army superior firepower. Zhang Cheng槱 was wounded, shot in the leg, and Liu Fubiao was fried to the left leg ankle, Tian Xin mountain shot. Second death squads continue to bomb-throwing onslaught, and were repelled. The face-off to the middle of the dilemma. In desperation, Chen decided to negotiate with Zhang Shiheng, urged them to surrender. However, entering Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau Chen Qimei was Zhang Shiheng guards detained by force, was forced to retreat into the old city in the death squads.
When in “Shanghai Federation of fire” Shen Manyun, learned under the command of Chen Qimei was arrested, captured the Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau after losing limbs lost in fear. However, at this point, another rebel teams-zhabei retrocession-Li Xiehe and soon Guang Fu Hui, led death squads decided to organize troops stormed the Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau. On the logic of the economic growth target set
November 4, at 1 o’clock in the morning, thousands from death squads, formulate the Shanghai camp of Qing army, patrol, composed of the rebels once again stormed the main entrance of the Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau. Several death squads, led by Wusheng Pan Yueqiao over the wall into the Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau of Beijing Opera, in coordination with the brothers in this Council opens manufacturing arsenals and set fire to the House. Under attack inside and out, 4th, at 4 o’clock in the morning, Zhang Shiheng army defeated, the rebels conquer Jiangnan manufacturing Bureau. Death squads in a warehouse in, rescued by the Qing Army captured the original to death, people dying of Chen Qimei. On November 4, 1911 8 in the morning, the recovery of Shanghai, Shanghai uprising of Xinhai revolution succeed, Republican flag flying over in Shanghai.
The recovery of Shanghai
Important heritage of revolution history, Huangpu district
Today, had a furious battle city to Shanghai’s old city has changed, and 105 years ago Shanghai uprising the main witness to the revolution–“little South door alarm building” still stands intact. But know this soul-stirring historical and less the witness.
According to media reports several years ago in this city, No. 581, Zhonghua road, more than people living in more than 30 years, said that as a child, he often climbed up the bell tower overlooking the Huangpu River. Reading only after know the small bell tower of the South Gate also has a history of glorious memory. Living here tend to be like scattered leaves, no one can make that part after the uprising and allusions. However, “small bell tower of the South Gate was witness to the revolution. Those of us who live here, which is guardian of the clock tower. We guarded cultural relics, told the history of the revolution of the next generation, also told them all the happiness doesn’t come easy…… “
Outstanding historical buildings signs